Monday, 4 May 2020

How Should We Live As Christians?

How should the doctrine of eternal judgment affect our lives as believers?

When writing on the subject of future judgment, the ApostlePeter answered this question:

  Seeing then that all these things shall be dissolved, what manner of persons ought ye to be in all holy conversation and godliness... Wherefore, beloved, seeing that ye look for such things, be diligent that ye may be found of Him in peace, without spot, blameless.  (II Peter 3:11,14)

Understanding of eternal judgment should result in spiritual maturity in the life of the believer.

Judgment is an attribute (quality) of God

·       Psalms 89:14; 97:2; 99:1-5;
·       Isaiah 28:5-6; 30:18; 61:8;
·       Daniel 4:37

Judgment is an attribute of Jesus

·       Psalms 72:2;
·       Isaiah 9:7; 11:1-5;
·       John 5:30; 8:15-16,26

Purposes of God's judgment

To give life: Leviticus 18:4-5; Nehemiah 9:29; Psalms 119:149,156 

To redeem His people: Exodus 6:6; 7:4; Isaiah 1:27

To establish: I Chronicles 28:7; Psalms 37:28; Proverbs 2:8; Zephaniah 2:3

To chasten [correct]: Psalms 119:75; Jeremiah 10:24; Habakkuk 1:12

To help His people: Psalms 76:8-9; 119:175

The blessings of God's judgment

Comfort: Psalms 119:52

Reward: Psalms 58:11

Instruction and righteousness: Isaiah 26:8-9

Penalties for not responding to His judgment

These are listed in:

·       Ezekiel 5:6-17; 11:11-12; 14:21;
·       Malachi 2:1-4; 3:1-6

The nature of God's judgments

Righteous: Deuteronomy 4:8; Psalms 19:9; 119:137; Jeremiah 11:20; II Thessalonians 1:4-6; I Peter 2:23; Revelation 15:4; 16:7; 19:2,11

Based on love: Psalms 33:5

True and just: Psalms 111:7; Proverbs 2:9; Jeremiah 4:2; John 8:15-16

Far above the wicked: Psalms 10:5

Eternal: Psalms 119:160

Great: Psalms 36:6

Renewed: Zephaniah 3:15

Unsearchable: Romans 11:33

They will be made manifest [apparent to us]: Revelation 15:4

Who God judges

All people: Psalms 7:8; 9:7-8; 96:10; Hebrews 12:23; Jude 15-16

Those who persecute the righteous: Psalms 119:84

The righteous: Psalms 7:11

Scorners: Proverbs 19:29

Every man: Proverbs 29:26

Young men: Ecclesiastes 11:9

Nations: Isaiah 2:4

Leaders: Isaiah 3:13-14

The wicked: Deuteronomy 7:10-11; Jeremiah 1:16; Hebrews 13:4; Jude 15-16

The world: John 9:39; 12:31

The prince of this world [Satan]: John 16:11; 12:31

Those outside the church [those without]: I Corinthians 5:13

His people: Hebrews 10:30

Teachers: James 3:1

Grudgers: James 5:9

The church [the house of God]: I Peter 4:17

The heathen: Ezekiel 39:21

How God judges

Through Jesus Christ: John 5:22,27

By the Holy Spirit: John 16:11; Ezekiel 36:27

According to the Word of God: John 12:48

According to each man's works: I Peter 1:17

Through His ministers: Ezekiel 44:24; Hosea 6:5

Our attitude towards God's judgments

We should:
Teach them: Ezra 7:10; Psalms 37:30

Observe and do them: Deuteronomy 11:32

Praise God for them: Psalms 48:11; 97:8; 119:7,62,164

Desire them: Psalms 119:20

Set them before us: Psalms 119:30

Hope in them: Psalms 119:43

Declare them: Psalms 119:13

Not depart from them: Psalms 119:102

Fear them: Psalms 119:120

Be aware of them: Psalms 35:23

Ask God to judge us: Psalms 35:24

Preach His judgments: Acts 24:25

The purposes of God's present judgment

His purposes for chastening of believers are to:

Make us holy: Hebrews 12:10

Bring righteousness in our lives: Hebrews 12:11

Bring life: Hebrews 12:9; Proverbs 15:31

Prepare us for the Spirit's guidance: Proverbs 1:23

Bring honor: Proverbs 13:18

Bring wisdom: Proverbs 15:5,32

Teach the fear of God: Proverbs 15:33

Perfect us: Colossians 1:28; II Timothy 3:16-17

Teach us patience: I Peter 2:20

Avoid condemnation: I Corinthians 11:32

Bring repentance: Revelation 3:19; Romans 2:4

Correct us: Jeremiah 10:24

The reasons for chastening

Sin and backsliding: Jeremiah 2:19; John 3:20; 16:8; II Peter 2:16

Faults: I Peter 2:20

Unbelief: Romans 11:20

Disobedience: Luke 12:47-48

Respect of persons: Job 13:10

How to avoid chastisement

·       I Corinthians 11:31-32 [self-examination];
·       Romans 11:22;
·       Philippians 2:12-16

The degrees of chastening:

God has a pattern of chastening in our lives. It moves from reproof, which is a simple form of chastening, through more severe levels of chastening (Hebrews 12:11):


To correct a fault, make a statement of error, give instruction or correction. God speaks to us and reproves us of wrong in our lives. Isaiah 11:4; Psalms 50:21; 141:5; Proverbs 1:23; Ephesians 5:13; II Timothy 3:16


A sharp reproof or reprimand. If we fail to listen to reproof, God will deal more sternly. Hebrews 12:5; Revelation 3:19; Psalms 6:1; Deuteronomy 28:20


After we are rebuked if we persist in our sinful ways and refuse God's correction, then His wrath may come upon us. Romans 2:8-9


God's wrath may be revealed through affliction. It may be financial, material, or physical affliction. (This does not mean all affliction is judgment from God.) Romans 2:9, Psalms 119:75; Deuteronomy 28:15-47; Leviticus 26:14-39; Amos 4:6-13


This is the final step of God's judgment when chastisement has failed to result in repentance. Hebrews 6:4-6; 10:26-31; Jeremiah 14:11-12; II Peter 2:20; I John 5:16; Proverbs 1:25-32; 5:1-23; 15:10; 29:1

The results of chastening

God's objective in chastening is that we return unto Him: Hosea 6:1

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